Snow White And The Seven DwarfsSnow White And The Seven Dwarfs (1937) Feature Length Theatrical Animated Film by Dave Koch
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- Walt Disney Studios
- Animated Characters: Snow White, Prince, The Evil Queen/Witch, Bashful, Doc, Dopey, Grumpy, Happy, Sleepy, Sneezy, Huntsman.
- Awards: Honorary Oscar in 1939, recognized as a significant screen innovation which has charmed millions and pioneered a great new entertainment field (one statuette - seven miniature statuettes).
Academy Award Nominee, Best Music, Score, Leigh Harline, 1938.
- Originally Released in 1937.
- Production Number: 2001
- Running Time: 83 minutes.
- Dec 21, 1937- Original Release Date
- 1944- First Theatrical Re-release
- 1952- Theatrical Re-release
- 1958- Theatrical Re-release
- 1967- Theatrical Re-release
- 1975- Theatrical Re-release
- 1983- Theatrical Re-release
- 1987- Theatrical Re-release
- 1993- Theatrical Re-release
- Oct 28, 1994- Walt Disney Masterpiece Collection (VHS)
- Oct 9, 2001- Platinum Edition DVD
- Oct 6, 2009- Diamond Edition Blu-ray
- Nov 24, 2009- New DVD Edition
Cartoon Production Information:
In 1989, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs was the first cartoon to be added by the Library of Congress' National Film Preservation Board to the National Film Registry (it was the registry's inaugural year).
In England the film was deemed too scary for children and no one under 14 could go and see it by themselves.
This film was released to video in the United States in 1994 (beginning its "Masterpiece Collection" line) and in 2001 (a DVD of this film was also released that year).
This was the first film in the official Disney list of animated films.
One night in 1934, Walt told his enraptured animation staff the story of Snow White until nearly midnight. His presentation galvanized the young group, and story and character development began in earnest almost immediately.
Animation commenced in 1936, and ultimately more than 750 artists worked on the film, including 32 animators, 102 animation assistants, 107 in-betweeners, 20 layout men, 25 background artists, 65 effects animators, and 158 inkers and painters. In all, at least two million sketches were created, and more than 250,000 drawings were used on screen. The Disney paint laboratory ground special pigments and mixed 1,500 colors and shades for the characters and backgrounds.
One of the greatest challenges to the Disney team was creating a cast of characters that would be developed sufficiently to maintain the interest and sympathy of an audience. Gag man Pinto Colvig suggested creating characters based on physical or personality traits. Dozens of names were suggested and rejected; the seven were finally named Happy, Sneezy, Sleepy, Grumpy, Bashful, Dopey, and Doc.
By the time the film was near completion, bankruptcy loomed, and the survival of Walt Disney Productions rested on Snow White. Though it had earned the derisive nickname "Disney's Folly," Snow White was a smashing success-but was almost completely overlooked at Oscar time in 1938. The Academy finally recognized the film with a special Oscar in 1939.
The visual style of Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs was a departure from the short cartoons produced by Disney to that time. Instead of bright, primary colors, Snow White had a sophisticated color palette; the backgrounds were painted in grayed-down transparent watercolors. The overall styling was evocative of the storybook illustrations of N.C. Wyeth and Arthur Rackham. Respected illustrator Gustav Tenggren contributed enormously to the overall "look" of Snow White.
Even the colors of the dwarfs' clothing match their personalities. Doc's russet jacket reflects his cheery mood, Grumpy's clothes were dulled down, and comic Dopey was dressed in saffron and lavender-gray.
In order to realistically animate the human characters in Snow White, Disney animators performed an exhaustive study of anatomy. Extensive reference footage of a live-action model named Marge Belcher (later famous as Marge Champion) was also shot to accurately create the movements of Snow White.
To achieve the realistic illusion of dimensional depth, Disney technicians developed the Multiplane Camera, which was tested in the Academy Awards-winning 1937 Silly Symphony, The Old Mill. This greater illusion of life is one of the many techniques that added credibility to Snow White.
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